Education is the procedure of obtaining skills, values, learning, habits or facilitating learning. Education is provided by discussion, training, storytelling, teaching and research. Learners can educate themselves by using different sources or by attending the proper classes in institutes. There are two settings of education called formal and informal. Pedagogy is a method which is followed for teaching. Formal education can be classified into different classes like School level (primary, Middle and secondary), Colleges and then universities levels. In many countries, Education is considered the basic right of every one. Education for all is followed.
Education Historical Background in Pakistan
In prehistory of education, matured people trained the young in different skills which were necessary for a society. This all work was orally and was transferred from one generation to the next. With the passage of time, knowledge further than skills can be learnt by the reading process. In this gradually formal education was developed. The first school system was developed in Egypt and Plato built an institute of higher learning in Europe. In the 3rd century BCE a library called the Library of Alexandria played an important role to civilize the European. After that societies began to develop from time to time. Today education is necessary for every child up to a primary level.
Education Structure in Pakistan
Education is the basic requirement for the development of every society. Education is a weapon which can change the world. Education tells us how a better life can be spent. It is the key to success for any nation. But unfortunately in our country the education system is very poor as compared to others. There are many reasons behind this poor system. The basic reason is that the government does not take interest in this sector and the majority public is poor. According to a research, above 70 percent of people fall below the line of poverty. Labor child is common throughout the country. Our education system is divided in the following categories:
- Beginning class (Pre- primary classes)
- Class 1-5 (Primary schools)
- Class 6-8 (Middle schools)
- Class 9-10 (Secondary schools)
- Class 11-12 (Higher secondary schools/ colleges)
- Graduate/ Master classes (University level)
According to research, Approximately 41,025,645 students are enrolled in about 260,803 registered institutions. Approximately 30 percent institutions are managed by NGOs and about 70 percent are run by the government. Our education pattern is very old. Cramming is common in our examination system which is a big problem. Our students lack basic concepts; they cram some important questions and pass the exams easily, which is not good work. Besides, there are many other problems in our education system such as fewer budgets, Gender difference, Shortage of trained teachers, inequality of system and curricula need to be changed.
The owners of private sectors consider their businesses in the name of education and receive high fees. They make their different syllabus. Government education sectors are failing to provide proper education and only those parents send their children which don’t pay high fees. The main reason is that the syllabi of private and government sectors are different. Another reason is the gender difference, in many villages parents don’t allow their daughters to go to schools and colleges in this way. The literacy rate of our country goes below. They don’t know educated women play an important role for the development of any society or a country. Government allocates minimum funds which are insufficient for the proper running of a department. Mostly government teachers focused on their tuition centers rather than government schools. Higher education is very expensive.
How can we improve our education system?
- By adopting the following factors we can develop our education system;
- Focus on supporting, training and recruiting qualified teachers.
- Expand access to high quality childhood education programs.
- Equalize the syllabi of all private and public sectors.
- Pay the handsome salaries to the teachers so that they will get free form financial attention and can teach freely.
- Increase the budget for the development of public sectors.
- Improve and expand school based early warning systems and tie them to evidence based interventions for at risk students
- Grant the scholarships to needy and talented students.
- Try to provide the cheapest higher education.